Healthy Living

Hyperdontia: When Mother Nature Was Way Too Generous

Normally, humans have 32 teeth. There are times however, when something goes wrong and some people end up with more teeth. This phenomenon is called hyperdontia and it is a very rare and unique. The extra teeth mostly appear on the upper jaw, near the fangs and incisors. Their shape may differ from the normal shape of a human tooth.

<p>Scientists haven&rsquo;t yet determined the reasons why this happens. There exists a theory about a genetic error or <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_tooth_development">prenatal</a> developmental pathology during the stage when the dental germs were formed. It occurs more often in men than in women.</p> <p><strong>The Problems Extra Teeth Bring to Their Owners</strong><br />The idea of having extra teeth may sound cool but in fact, it is not. Hyperdontia brings lots of discomfort to the owner and this is a problem that needs to be solved. Here is a list of problems it hyperdontia causes:</p> <ol> <li>An abnormal amount of teeth distorts the speech of the patient</li> <li>Their roots are weak and underdeveloped</li> <li>They bring chaos in the teeth row, forcing other teeth to move from their place</li> <li>As a result of this misplacement, a big gap between the front teeth forms</li> <li>Hyperdontia slows down the dentition process</li> <li>It distorts dental roots, forming crooked front teeth</li> <li>Healthy teeth start rotating</li> <li>The abnormal teeth are almost often <a href="https://www.cosmeticdentistrycenter.com/cosmetic-dentistry/what-is-the-best-way-to-straighten-crooked-front-teeth/">crooked or rotated too</a></li> <li>It leads to malocclusion that is not only a cosmetic defect but also a factor that causes dysfunction of the entire gastrointestinal system.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Types of Abnormal Teeth</strong><br />There are several different types of hyperdontia teeth and they are classified based on their shape and location.</p> <ul> <li>Awl-shaped. They occur on the upper jaw, between the central and lateral incisors. Their shape is similar to that of an awl. The sharp ends traumatize the mouth mucosa. The wound can get infected and an inflammatory process may develop.</li> <li>Extra premolars. They appear near the cheek, between the normal molars.</li> <li>Extra fangs, appearing on the upper jaw.</li> <li>Extra premolars on the lower jaw.</li> </ul> <p><strong>What to Do with the Extra Teeth?</strong><br />In most cases, the abnormal teeth are to be extracted, the earlier the better. If you wait too long, you may need orthodontic treatment. If the abnormal tooth grows where the constant one should have appeared, it could be left there if it functions as a normal one.<a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/289650">Retained</a> abnormal teeth must be extracted because they will interfere with dentition of the normal ones.</p> <p><strong>Is It Possible to Prevent This Pathology?</strong><br />Unfortunately, since the reason of its appearance is still unclear, there are no ways known to prevent it. The only advice that can be given &ndash; be attentive to your and your child&rsquo;s oral health. If there are signs of extra teeth growing, a visit to the dentist must not be delayed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

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