Healthy Living

What Is Hematocolpos and How to Treat It?

Hematocolpos is a medical condition in which the vagina is filled with menstrual blood. It is characterized by an itch in the vagina, amenorrhoea, pain in lower abdomen, pain during intercourse, and sometimes dysfunction of urinating and defecation.

<p>This condition is diagnosed by a pelvic exam, MRI, and ultrasound.</p> <p>Hematocolpos is common among women aged 12-16 years and results from birth defects. &nbsp;It is caused by a congenital anomaly of the reproductive system and is usually accompanied by defects of the <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urinary_system">urinary system</a>.</p> <p><strong>Symptoms of Hematocolpos</strong><br />Here are some signs of hematocolpos, which you should know:</p> <ul> <li>Abdominal bloating and distention</li> <li>Pain with cramping, which may sometimes increase</li> <li>Lower abdominal pain lasting more than a week</li> <li>Tender breasts</li> <li>Constipation and changes in urine output</li> <li>Vaginal bleeding or discharge</li> </ul> <p>The gradual accumulation of blood in the vagina leads to its straining. This stage is characterized by constant pain even during the menstrual period.</p> <p>Late detection of this condition can cause such complications as endometritis, endometriosis, and salpingitis. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Causes of Hematocolpos</strong><br />The sources of the problem may be anomalies that occurred in utero, in childhood, and even in adulthood.</p> <ul> <li>Congenital defects. Anatomical defects of female genitalia, that lead to hematocolpos, include atresia of the hymen (imperforate hymen), vaginal atresia, atresia of the uterus, etc. The causes of these congenital defects include external factors, such as infections (especially viral), hormonal medications, chemical teratogens (gasoline, alcohols, phenols, <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formaldehyde">formaldehyde</a>), hypovitaminosis and hypervitaminosis, and ionizing radiation. Internal factors include endocrine pathologies and hereditary mutations. &nbsp;&nbsp;</li> <li>Developed defects. Inflammations, including vulvovaginitis, most commonly lead to vaginal atresia resulting from poor hygiene of external genitalia, allergic reaction or infections (herpes, chlamydia, measles, rubella). Atresia in adult women is commonly related to birth injuries and surgical operations.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Diagnosis </strong><br />Hematocolpos caused by atresia of the hymen can be indicated during clinical examination. The diagnostic program includes: &nbsp;</p> <ul> <li>Pelvic examination</li> <li>MRI and ultrasound</li> <li>Bacteriological tests</li> </ul> <p><strong>Hematocolpos Treatment</strong><br />The treatment is aimed at recovery of the reproductive functions. All operations include two necessary steps:</p> <ul> <li>Hymenectomy. <a href="http://www.brooklyngynplace.com/hymenotomy-obgyn-physicians-downtown-Brooklyn-nyc/">Hymenectomy</a> is a medical procedure involving surgical removal of the hymen.</li> <li>Vaginoplasty. It&rsquo;s an aesthetic and functional procedure which involves tightening of the inner and other muscles and structures of the vagina enhancing vaginal muscle tone, strength, and control. &nbsp;</li> </ul> <p>Surgical operation helps to overcome hematocolpos and recover reproductive function. Primary prevention is aimed at timely treatment of infections in girls and women, a healthy lifestyle, and good nutrition. Secondary prevention includes ultrasound during pregnancy and preventive examinations. &nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

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